Astrophysics News & Events

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From Planet-X to Planet Nine

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Speaker
Nuno Peixinho (Coimbra U.)
Event date
Venue
GAP room
Event type

Abstract: At the end of the 19th century the existence os a planet beyond Neptune was in debate. In 1930, Pluto was discovered, but too far from the prediction. In 1992 we found out that Pluto is actually a member of a huge belt of icy bodies orbiting beyond Neptune.

From Infinitely Large to Infinitely Small

Gr@v member António P. Morais gave a talk at Escola Secundária José Régio in Vila do Conde with title "Do Infinitamente Grande ao Infinitamente Pequeno - uma jornada pelas interações fundamentais na natureza". António was an invited speaker to participate in a sequence of seminars entitled "A Biblioteca convida...", and presented to 11th and 12th grade Science and Technology students the four fundamental interactions in nature and how have they shaped our Universe.

The spacetime around neutron stars and astrophysical observables

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Speaker
Georgios Pappas (GRIT - CENTRA - IST)
Event date
Venue
GAP room
Event type
Abstract: Compact objects in general and neutron stars (NSs) in particular open a window to some of the most extreme physics we can find in nature. On the one hand in the interior of NSs we can find matter in very extreme densities, exceeding nuclear densities and anything we can probe in the laboratory, while on the other hand NSs are related to the strongest gravitational fields next only to those found in black holes. Therefore studying NSs gives us access to both supranuclear densities and strong gravity and can be used to get information and test our theories of matter (equation of state) and gravity. The properties of the structure of NSs are encoded on the spacetime around them and by studying the astrophysical processes that take place around NSs we can map that spacetime.Here we will talk about the properties of NS structure and how they are related to the properties of the spacetime around them. We will also talk about the relation of these properties to astrophysical observables. Finally we will extend our discussion to the case of scalar-tensor theory of gravity.