Hybrid metric-Palatini gravity: applications to cosmology and astrophysics

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João Luis Rosa (IST-Lisbon)

In this work, we study cosmological and astrophysical applications of the recently proposed generalized hybrid metric-Palatini gravity theory, which combines features of both the metric and the Palatini approaches to the variational method in $f\left(R\right)$ gravity. This theory arises as a natural generalization of the hybrid metric-Palatini gravity which has been proven to be the first theory to unify the cosmic acceleration with the solar system constraints, without resource to the chameleon mechanism. In the cosmological point of view, we show using reconstruction methods that the usual power-law and exponential scale factor behaviors in FLRW universes exist for various different distributions of matter, along with solutions for collapsing universes. Using the dynamical system approach, we also show that no global attractors can exist in the cosmological phase space and that stable universes can either be described by scale factors that diverge in finite time or asymptotically approach constant values. In the area of astrophysics, we show that using the junction conditions of the theory it is possible to obtain solutions for compact objects supported by thin-shells, such as self-gravitating shells with and without perfect fluids on their exteriors, and also traversable wormhole solutions which satisfy the null energy condition for the whole spacetime, thus not needing the support of exotic matter. Furthermore, we show that there exist specific forms of the action for which the massive scalar degree of freedom of the theory is stable in the scope of rotating black-holes described by the Kerr metric.